MOROCCAN POLITICS: Comparative and Spatial Study of Leading Parties’ Manifesto of 2016
by: Saadia Boukraa
The line of reasoning advanced by this research is typical of all democratic countries. Countries in which a multi-party system exists, and an electoral system is of substantial importance to political conducts. However, and in the light of the vulnerability of Morocco as a new born democracy, that still has a long way ahead of it towards a full democratization phase, it’s crucial and of tremendous importance to understand the limitations and flaws of the its political system, to be able to provide some concrete solutions that will consolidate its democratization and enhance the role of its political system vis-à-vis the state. After all understanding once limitation is the only true road to achieving successful change, and indeed this research follows this simple principle,
working at highlighting the true determinants of the policy position of the three dominant political parties in the country, the Justice and Development Party, the Authenticity and Modernity party and the Isltiqlal party.
This research starts at the core of each party, embarking on a journey that originate from the promises buried in each political manifesto, the manifesto in this context serves both as a powerful instrument and a strong indicator that will help identify the policy position of a given party at a given point of time, and indeed the aim of this research is to determine the policy position of each of the three parties, on the Right-Left spectrum as a start, and then along different issues that are of great salience to the well-being of the citizens and to the development of the country as a whole. This research translates the political text provided by each party into substantial quantitative data, following the instructions provided by the Manifesto Project team, that it is then used to measure the positions occupied by each party on different Programmematic dimensions to prove that the three political parties share identical political ideology that it has deep roots in the cultural, religious and historical background that shaped the country throughout the years, and which yields a deep fragmentation in the political scene of the country void of any substantial power of opposition. This research through empirical and comparative study analyses upon closer examination the various similarities and differences affecting all the different positions held by each party on some pre-established dimensions, to eventually derive four major revelations surrounding the determinants of these deep similarities in ideology, the causes of the weak role of political opposition, the remedies to such limitations and most of all the answer to how political parties can overcome their figurative role and gain more substantial power to advance successful reforms and consolidate a full democratic regime.